Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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2024 | January-March | Volume 19 | Issue 1

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REVIEW ARTICLE

Unnati Desai, Ketaki V Utpat, Jyotsna M Joshi

Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Narrative Review

[Year:2024] [Month:January-March] [Volume:19] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:1 - 3]

Keywords: Apnea–hypopnea index, Obstructive sleep apnea, Pediatric

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0128  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a broad-spectrum disorder that needs timely diagnosis and management. It is mainly caused by anatomical factors. Adenotonsillar hypertrophy is an important correctable cause. We describe a narrative review of this disease in children. Although uncommon in adults, it is an important disorder causing mortality and morbidity in children which warrants timely diagnosis and management.

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CASE REPORT

Pranav Ish, Vidushi Rathi, Rohit Kumar, Nitesh Gupta, Ganesh Narwade

Central Sleep Apnea due to Positive Airway Pressure Mask Leakage

[Year:2024] [Month:January-March] [Volume:19] [Number:1] [Pages:3] [Pages No:4 - 6]

Keywords: Case report, Central sleep apnea, Mask, Obstructive sleep apnea, Positive airway pressure

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0125  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Complex sleep apnea is the term used for central sleep apnea (CSA) events that arise during positive airway pressure (PAP) titration in a patient undergoing polysomnography (PSG). Multiple mechanisms have been used to explain the same including hypocapnia, loss of central drive, circulatory delay, or arousals. However, PAP mask leakage is an easily correctable cause of CSA during titration studies. We hereby present a case of a middle-aged female who was diagnosed with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and developed central events during titration, which were easily corrected by readjusting the oronasal mask.

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CASE REPORT

Unnati Desai, Ketaki Utpat, Amol Suryawanshi, Fasmi Navas, Sneha Gopal

Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Sleep-related Hypoxemia, and Hypoventilation in a Case of Familial Interstitial Lung Disease: A Triple Whammy

[Year:2024] [Month:January-March] [Volume:19] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:7 - 8]

Keywords: Case report, Familial interstitial lung disease, Hypoventilation, Sleep

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0129  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) are known in patients with chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Sleep-related breathing disorders are further classified into obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) disorders, central sleep apnea syndromes, sleep-related hypoventilation disorders, and sleep-related hypoxemia disorders. We describe a case of familial ILD with OSA, sleep-related hypoxemia, and sleep-related hypoventilation.

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Satish K Kumawat, Pranav Ish, Rohit Kumar, Nitesh Gupta, Vidushi Rathi

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: The Ignored Modality

[Year:2024] [Month:January-March] [Volume:19] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:9 - 10]

Keywords: Chronic respiratory disease, Obstructive sleep apnea, Sleep-related breathing disorders

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0126  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

Durgesh J Hirekar, Pranav Ish, Rohit Kumar, Nitesh Gupta, Rajnish Kaushik, Tanmaya Talukdar

Precision Medicine in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

[Year:2024] [Month:January-March] [Volume:19] [Number:1] [Pages:2] [Pages No:11 - 12]

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea, Sleep apnea, Sleep-disordered breathing, Sleep medicine

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0127  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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