Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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2023 | October-December | Volume 18 | Issue 4

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Rekha Dwivedi, Amar Pratap, Renjith Appukuttan, Sunita Rana, Sonam Panwar, Sachin Kumar, Pranav Poddar, Manjari Tripathi

Electromagnetic Field Exposure and Sleep: An Investigation into the Effects and Potential Interventions to Improve Sleep Quality

[Year:2023] [Month:October-December] [Volume:18] [Number:4] [Pages:5] [Pages No:57 - 61]

Keywords: Deep sleep, Electromagnetic fields, Envirochip, Enviroglobe, Environics, Sleep efficiency

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0122  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


The extensive use of telecommunication devices and electronic gadgets has increased tremendously in the last decade, so it becomes necessary to look at the possible impacts on various aspects of health. Overnight polysomnography was done on 22 healthy subjects to assess their sleep pattern and the related parameters. This was an exploratory pilot study, reporting the sleep efficiency of the participants surrounded by wireless devices and the efficacy of Enviroglobe in improving the same. The results indicated statistically significant changes in sleep stage N3 (deep sleep) and arousal index REM with the usage of Enviroglobe. While sleep efficiency and apnea index also showed a trend toward significance with the use of the Enviroglobe, no significant changes were observed in NREM, N1, N2, and snoring and apnea events. Considering the benefits of good sleep on an individual's physical and mental health, and the positive results of this pilot study, further study in a larger population is encouraged.



Doaa El Basiouny, Hana I Habib

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): A Comprehensive Review

[Year:2023] [Month:October-December] [Volume:18] [Number:4] [Pages:4] [Pages No:62 - 65]

Keywords: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, Insomnia, Nonpharmacological treatment

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0123  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is considered the first line in treating insomnia. The CBT-I consist of various therapeutic techniques, sleep restriction, stimulus control (SC), sleep hygiene education, and relaxation techniques. Insomnia is characterized by several symptoms with three main symptoms such as difficulty in starting sleep, maintaining sleep, and waking up earlier than desired. Interestingly, CBT-I has been shown as an effective nonpharmacologic treatment for insomnia. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia works to decrease unhelpful sleep habits, dysfunctional thoughts, and worries about related to sleep that causes insomnia. Conclusion: The CBT-I recommended as an evidence-based treatment for all insomnia patients from all ages, races, genders, and those who suffer from comorbidity mental and physical disease.



Shweta Anand, Dipti Gothi, Nipun Malhotra

Sleep Disorders in Women

[Year:2023] [Month:October-December] [Volume:18] [Number:4] [Pages:3] [Pages No:66 - 68]

Keywords: Insomnia, Pathophysiology, Symptomatology

   DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0124  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 


Women are more likely to have sleep-related illnesses than men. However, the diagnosis is frequently missed since the symptoms are often atypical in women. Hormonal cycles and changes during life impact the symptomatology and severity. Women are more likely to have an atypical presentation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and a higher prevalence of insomnia and restless leg syndrome (RLS). We present the gender-based differences in pathophysiology and presentation of sleep illnesses. We also present the treatment differences to keep in mind while managing sleep illnesses in women. Awareness of these differences can help improve sleep health and overall quality of life in women.


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