Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2012 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes may have Obstructive Sleep Apnoea even at Lower BMI Values

N Ramakrishnan, Vijay Viswanathan, S Sunaina, A Vigneswari, K Satyavani

Keywords : Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Obstructive sleep apnoea, type 2 diabetes, BMI

Citation Information : Ramakrishnan N, Viswanathan V, Sunaina S, Vigneswari A, Satyavani K. Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes may have Obstructive Sleep Apnoea even at Lower BMI Values. Indian Sleep Med 2012; 7 (2):45-47.

DOI: 10.5958/j.0973-340X.7.2.010

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim was to evaluate subjects with type 2 diabetes at risk of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) using Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). A total of 436 subjects (M/F=273:163) were evaluated and categorised as those unlikely to have significant OSA (ESS score <10; absence of snoring) and likely to have significant OSA (ESS score >10; presence of snoring). Body mass index (BMI), HbA1c and micro- and macrovascular complications were recorded. Among 436 subjects, 242 were unlikely to have significant OSA, of which 20% were randomly selected (n=58; Group 1) and compared with subjects (8.3%) likely to have OSA (n=36; Group 2). In all, 50% in Group 2 and 36% in Group 1 had hypertension (P=0.27). In Group 2, 2.8% had BMI (kg/m2) <23, 5.6% had 23–23.9, 19.4% had 24–24.9, 25% were between 25 and 26.9, and 47.2% had e”27. Diabetic subjects even with normal BMI were at risk of OSA and more likely to have macrovascular comorbidity.


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