Lam DJ., Jensen CC, Mueller BA, Starr JR, Cunningham ML, Weaver EM. Pediatric sleep apnea and craniofacial anomalies: a population-based case–control study. The Laryngoscope 2010; 120:2098–2105.
Partinen M, Guilleminault C, Quera-Salva MA, Jamieson A. Obstructive sleep apnea and cephalometric roentgenograms: the role of anatomic upper airway abnormalities in the definition of abnormal breathing during sleep. Chest 1988; 93:1199–1205.
Lyberg T, Krogstadt O, Djupesland G. Cephalometric analysis in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: I. Skeletal morphology. J Laryngol Otol 1989; 103:287–292.
Bacon WH, Turlot JC, Krieger J,Stierle JL. Cephalometric evaluation of pharyngeal obstructive factors in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Angle Orthod 1989; 60:115–121.
Haponick EF, Smith PL, Bohlman ME, Allen RP, Goldman SM, Bleecker ER. Computerized tomography in obstructive sleep apnea. Correlation of airway size with physiology during sleep and wakefulness. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:221–226.
Arens R, McDonough JM, Costarino AT, Mahboubi S, Tayag- Kier CE, Maislin G, Schwab RJ, Pack AI. Magnetic resonance imaging of the upper airway structure of children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 164:698–703.
Jadhav S, Joshi JM, Craniofacial deformities and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in the Young. IJSM 2010; 5:128–132.
Nanaware SK, Gothi D, Joshi JM. Sleep Apnea. Indian J Pediatr 2006; 73 (7):597–601.
Bannink N; Nout E; Wolvius EB; Hoeve HL; Joosten KF; Mathijssen IM. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with syndromic craniosynostosis: long-term respiratory outcome of midface advancement. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2010; 39(2):115–121
Schechter MS. Pediatric pulmonology, Subcommittee on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome American Academy of Pediatrics Technical Report: Diagnosis and Management of Childhood Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Pediatrics 2002;109:e69.
Munro IR. Current surgery of craniofacial anomalies. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1981; 14:157–166.
Colmenero C, Esteban R, Albarino AR, Colmenero B. Sleep apnoea syndrome associated with maxillofacial abnormalities. J Laryngol Otol 1991;105:94–100.
Ronchi P, Novelli G, Colombo L, Valsecchi S, Oldani A, Zucconi M, Paddeu A. Effectiveness of maxillo-mandibular advancement in obstructive sleep apnea patients with and without skeletal anomalies. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2010; 39(6):541–547.
Miloro M. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis for pediatric airway management. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010; 68(7):1512–1523.
Bouchard C, Troulis MJ, Kaban LB. Management of obstructive sleep apnea: role of distraction osteogenesis. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am. 2009; 21:459–475.