A cross-sectional study for assessment of audio-visual reaction time in KSRTC drivers of age group 20-40 years in Belgaum city with respect of working hours
Harpreet K, Raichur K
Auditory reaction time.,Visual reaction time
Citation Information :
K H, K R. A cross-sectional study for assessment of audio-visual reaction time in KSRTC drivers of age group 20-40 years in Belgaum city with respect of working hours. Indian Sleep Med 2011; 6 (4):135-139.
Background: The quickness in any work in our life corresponds to the speed with which body respond to external stimuli. And quickness is very essential in profession like driving, in which faster level of response is one of measure by which number of road traffic accidents can be reduced. Audio-visual reaction is an important test for drivers.
Objectives: To compare Audio-Visual reaction time in day time & night time working drivers.
Methods: Fifty age & sex matched, drivers of age 20-40 years working in KSRTC, Belgaum in day and night hours that fits in inclusion criteria are taken after informed consent. A through clinical examination was done & Audio –Visual Reaction time- is measured by Audio-Visual Analyzer.
Results: Auditory reaction time is shorter then visual reaction time.
Conclusion: And this test is an important test for assessment of quickness & coordination of visual and auditory responses, which is utmost important in drivers to reduces the road traffic accidents.
Joseph Tiffin, Federic B Knight and Eston Jackson Asher, The Psychology of normal people,2nd edition, D.C Health and company, Boston; 1946; 415-431.
Woodworth and Schlosberg, Experimental Psychology, 5th edition, Oxford and IBH publication Co PVT Ltd; New Delhi: 1971: 8-42.
Cobb S, Rose RM (1973) Hypertension, peptic ulcer and diabetes in traffic controllers. JAMA, 224, 489–92.
Waterhouse JM. Altered time. In: Case RM, ed. Variations in Human Physiology. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 1985: 134–157.
Munakata M, Ichii S, Nunokawa T et al. Influence of night shift work on psychological state and cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses in healthy nurses. Hypertens Res 2001; 24: 25–31.
Pires MLN, Teixeira CW, Esteves AM, et al. Sleep, ageing and night work. Braz J Med Biol Res 2009; 42: 839–843.
Dixit Yb, Assessment of Mental Alertness after Administration of various Phenothiazines, J Indian Med Assoc1964 Feb 16;42:173-5.
Dhangauri Shenvi and Padma Balasubramaian, A Comparitive Study of Visual and Auditory reaction times in males and females, Journal of Physiology and pharmacology,1994:volume 38(3):229-231.
Corsi-cobrera M, Arce C, Ramos J, Lorenzo I and Guevara M.A. Time course of reaction time and EEG while performing a vigilance task during total sleep deprivation. Sleep 1996; 19: 563–569.
Madan Mohan, D.P.Thombare, Ashok Kumar Das, N.Subramanian and S. Chandrasekar, Reaction time in Clinical Diabetes, Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 1984:Volume28(4):311-314.
Das S, Gandhi A, Mondal S. Effect of premenstrual stress on audiovisual reaction time and audiogram. Ind J Physiology Pharmacology 1997; 41: 67–70.
Namrata, Asha G, Sunita M and Shashi Narayan, Effect of iron deficiency anemia on Audiovisual reaction time in adolescent girls. Indian J Physiology Pharmacology 2011; 55 (1) : 53–59
Namita, Din Prakash R and Dhangauri N. Shenvi, Effect of Shift Working on Reaction time in Hospital Employees, Indian J Physiology Pharmacology 2010; 54 (3) : 289–293
Chinmay Shah, P A Gokhale, H.B. Mehta,Effect of Mobile Use on Reaction Time, Al Ameen J Med Sci (2010) 3(2):160- 164.
Madan Mohan, D.P. Thombare, BharathiBalaKumar, T.K.Nambinarayan, Sachin T, N.Krishnamoorthy and A.Chandrbose, Effect of yoga training on reaction time, respiratory endurance and muscle strength, Indian J. of Physiology and Pharmacology 1992:36(4):229-223.
A.Malati and Vidya G.Parulkar, Effect of Yogasana on the visual and auditory reaction time, Indian J. of Physiology and Pharmacology 1989:33(1):100-112.
Raj Kapoor, S.H.singh and A.gandhi, Autonomic functions and audiovisual reaction time in heroin addicts, Indian J. of Physiology and Pharmacology 1993:37(3):209-212.
S.Saha, A.Gandhi, S.Das, P Kaur and S.H.Singh, Effect of noise stress on some cardiovascular parameters and audiovisual reaction time, Indian J. of Physiology and Pharmacology 1996:40(1):35-40.
M.M.Singh, Gomti Devi and N.S. Devi. Study of Visual and Auditory Reaction time in Karate Trainee, Indian J. of Physiology and Pharmacology 1984:28(5): Supplement -1- 33.
Bartle EJ, Sun JH, Thompson L, Light AI, McCool C, Heatson S. The effects of acute sleep deprivation during residency training. Surgery 1988; 104: 311–316.
Masaya. T, Takeshi. T Naoko. T, Keiko. M, Yoshiko. K, Lawrence. S and Hiroyasu. I, Modifying Effects of Perceived Adaptation to Shift Work on Health, Wellbeing, and Alertness on the Job among Nuclear Power Plant Operators Industrial Health 2005, 43, 171–178
Binks PG, Waters WF, Hurry M. Short-term sleep deprivation does not selectively impair higher cortical functioning. Sleep 1999; 22: 328–334.
Pilcher JJ, Huffcutt AI. Effects of sleep deprivation on performance: A meta-analysis. Sleep 1996; 19: 318–326.
Takeyama H, Itani T, Tachi N, Sakamura O, Murata K, Inoue T, et al. Effects of a modified ambulance night shift system on fatigue and physiological function among ambulance paramedics. J Occup Health 2009; 51: 204– 209.
Hirose T. An occupational health physician's report on the improvement in the sleeping conditions of night shift workers. Industrial Health 2005; 43: 58–62.
Shenvi D, Balasubramanian P. A comparative study of visual and auditory reaction time in males and females. Ind J Physiol Pharmacol 1994; 38: 229–231.