Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2009 ) > List of Articles


Sleep disordered breathing in children

Dipti Gothi

Citation Information : Gothi D. Sleep disordered breathing in children. Indian Sleep Med 2009; 4 (3):82-90.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-4-3-82

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-09-2009

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2009; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children has been recognized over the past two decades due to research and clinical advances in pediatric sleep medicine. Pediatric SDB comprises of central apnoea/hypoventilation, apnoea of prematuriry, the spectrum of obstructive sleep hypoventilation disorders and hypoventilation during sleep due to chronic pulmonary disease. Obstructive sleep hypoventilation syndromes have a clinical range from primary snoring, through upper airway resistance syndrome to obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). Though, the exact prevalence of SDB and obstructive sleep hypoventilation syndrome is not known, the prevalence of OSAS in children varies between 1-4%. Pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and treatment of pediatric SDB which differs from adult SDB is reviewed along with its recent advances.

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