Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2007 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Sleepwalking in Children

Christian Guilleminault, N. Verma

Citation Information : Guilleminault C, Verma N. Sleepwalking in Children. Indian Sleep Med 2007; 2 (4):113-115.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-2-4-113

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-10-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Sleep walking, or somnambulism, is an arousal parasomnia affecting people during slow wave sleep, primarily during the first half or third of the night that results in large, coordinated, complex behaviors that commonly occurs in children reaching a peak at age 12 years, and decreasing afterwards. It has been described as an incomplete arousal from sleep that has been recently shown to be associated with NREM sleep instability, often caused by sleep disordered breathing.


PDF Share
  1. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders. Westchester: American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2nd Edition, 2005.
  2. Broughton R. Sleep Disorders: Disorders of Arousal? Science 1968; 159:1070-1078.
  3. Jacobson A, Kales A, Lehmann D, Zweizig JR. Somnambulism:All-Night Electroencephalographic Studies. Science 1965;148:975-977.
  4. Ohayon M. Night terrors, Sleepwalking, and C onfusional A rousals in the General Population: Their Frequency and Relationship to Other Sleep and Mental Disorders. J Clin Psychiatry 1999; 60 (4): 268-276.
  5. Laberge L, Tremblay R, Vitaro F, Montplaisir J. Development of Parasomnias From Childhood to Early Adolescence. Pediatrics 2000;106;67-74.
  6. Guilleminault C, Palombini L, Pelayo R, Chervin R. Sleepwalking and Sleep Terrors in Prepubertal Children: What Triggers Them? Pediatrics 2003; 111: e17-e25.
  7. Goodwin J, Kaeming K, Fregosi R, Rosen G, Morgan W, Smith T, Quan S. Parasomnias and Sleep Disordered Breathing in Caucasian and Hispanic Children- The Tucson Children's Assessment of Sleep Apnea Study. BMC Med 2004; 2:14.
  8. Guilleminault C, Lee J, Chan A, Lopes M, Huang Y, da Rosa A. Non-REM-sleep instability in recurrent sleepwalking in pre-pubertal children. Sleep Med 2006 ;6(6):515-521.
  9. Remulla A, Guilleminault C.Somnambulism (sleepwalking). Expert Opin Pharmacother 2004; 5(10): 2069-2074.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.