Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 3 ( July-September, 2007 ) > List of Articles


Monitoring Pediatric Sleep- Special Issues

Jyoti Krishna, David Gozal, Oscar Sans-Capdevila

Keywords : Pediatric sleep study, pediatric polysomnogram, pediatric MSLT, pediatric sleep laboratory

Citation Information : Krishna J, Gozal D, Sans-Capdevila O. Monitoring Pediatric Sleep- Special Issues. Indian Sleep Med 2007; 2 (3):80-89.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-2-3-80

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-07-2007

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Learning objectives: • Understand the role of the sleep laboratory for diagnosis and management of a spectrum of pediatric sleep disorders. • Learn about the special equipment and techniques important in studying pediatric patients. • Understand recent advances and newer techniques in monitoring pediatric sleep.

PDF Share
  1. Chervin RD, Hedger KM, Dillon JE, Pituch KJ. Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ): validity and reliability of scales for sleep-disordered breathing, snoring, sleepiness, and behavioral problems. Sleep Med 2000;1:21-32.
  2. Owens JA, Spirito A, Mc Guinn. The children's sleep habits questionnaire (CSHQ): pshycometric properties of a survey instrument for school aged children. Sleep 2000;23:1-9
  3. Nasser S, Rees PJ. Sleep apnoea: causes, consequences and treatment. Br J Clin Pract 1992;46:39-44.
  4. Tauman R, Ivanenko A, O'Brien LM, Gozal D. Plasma Creactive protein levels in child with sleep-disordered breathing. Pediatrics 2004;113:564-569.
  5. Punjabi NM, Ahmed MM, Polotsky VY, Beamer BA, O'Donell CP. Sleep-disordered breathing, glucose intolerance, and insulin resistance. Respir Physiol Neurobiol 2003;137:167-178. Review.
  6. Tresaco B, Bueno G, Pineda I, Moreno LA, Garagorri JM, Bueno M. Homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) index cut-off values to identify the metabolic syndrome in children. J Physiol Biochem 2005;61:381-388.
  7. Resta O, Pannacculi N, Di Gioia, Stefano A, Barbaro MP, De Pergola G. High prevalence of previously unknown subclinical hypothyroidism in obese patients referred to a sleep clinic for sleep disordered breathing. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2004;14:248-253.
  8. Simakajornboon N, Gozal D, Vlasic V, Mack C, Sharon D, McGinley BM. Periodic limb movement in sleep and iron status in children. Sleep 2003;26:735-738.
  9. Mahboubi S, Marsh RR, Potsic WP, PasquarielloPS. The lateral neck radiograph in adenotonsillar hyperplasia. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1985;10:67-73.
  10. Laurikanien E, Erkinjuntti M, Alihanka J, Rikalainen H, Suonpaa J. Radiological parameters of the bony nasopharynx and the adenotonsillar size compared with sleep apnea episodes in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 1987;12:303-310.
  11. Brooks LJ, Stephens BM, Bacevive AM. Adenid size is related to severity but not the number of episodes of obstructive sleep apnea in children. J Pediatr 1998;132:682-686.
  12. Riley R, Guilleminault C, Herran J, Powell N. Cephalometric analyses and flow-volume loops in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Sleep 1983;6:303-311.
  13. Caprioglio A, Zucconi M, Calori G, Troiani V. Habitual snoring, OSA and craniofacial modification. Orthodontic clinical and diagnostic aspects in a case control study. Minerva Stomatol 1999;48:125-137.
  14. Anconi-Israel S, Cole R, Alessi C, Chambers M, Moorcroft W, Pollak CP. The role of actigraphy in the study of sleep and circadian rhythms. Sleep 2003;26:342-392.
  15. Sadeh A, Hauri PJ, Kripke DF, Lavie P. The role of actigraphy in the evaluation of sleep disorders. American Sleep Disorders Association. Sleep 1995;18:288-302. Review.
  16. Sforza E, Zamagni M, Petiav C, Krieger J. Actigraphy and leg movements during sleep: a validation study. J Clin Neurophysiol 1999;16:154-160
  17. O'Brien LM, Gozal D. Sleep in children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Minerva Pediatr 2004;56:585-601.
  18. Crabtree VM, Ivanenko A, O'Brien LM, Gozal D. Periodic limb movement disorder of sleep in children. J Sleep Res 2003;12:73-81.
  19. Hilten JJ van, Braat EAM, Belde EA van der, Middelkoop HAM, Kerkhof GA, Kamphuisen HAC. Ambulatory activity monitoring during sleep: an evaluation of internight and intra-subject variability in healthy persons aged 50-98. Sleep 1993;16:146-150.
  20. Sadeh A, Lavie P, Scher A, Tirosh E, Epstein R. Actigraphic home-monitoring sleep-disturbed and control infants and young children: a new method for pediatric assessment of sleep-wake patterns. Pediatrics 1991;87:494-499.
  21. Brown AC, Smolensky MH, D'Alonzo GE, Redman DP. Actigraphy: A means of assessing circadian patterns in human activity. Chronbiol Int 1990;7:125-133.
  22. Rechtschaffen A, Kales A (eds): A manual of standardized terminology, techniques and scoring systems for sleep stages of human subjects. Los Angeles, Brain Information Service/ Brain Research Institute, 1968.
  23. Kushida CA, Littner MR, Morgenthaler T, Alessi CA, Bailey D, Coleman J Jr, et al. Practice parameters for the indications for polysomnography and related procedures: an update for 2005. Sleep 2005;28:499-521.
  24. Anders T, Emde R, Parmelee A (eds): A manual of standardized terminology, techniques and criteria for scoring of states of sleep and wakefulness in newborn infants. Los Angeles, UCLA Brain Information Servce, NINDS Neurological Information Network, 1971.
  25. Sheldon SH. Polysomnography in infants and children. In Sheldon SH, Ferber R, Kryger MH eds. Principles and practice of pediatric sleep medicine. USA, Elsevier Saunders, 2005.
  26. American Sleep Disorders Association Report. EEG arousals: Scoring rules and examples. Sleep 1992;15:173-184.
  27. Wong TK, Galster P, Lau TS, Lutz JM, Marcus CL. Reliability of scoring arousals in normal children and children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep 2004;27:1139- 1145.
  28. Sans-Capdevila O, Martinez X, Gozal D. Arousal criteria in snoring children. Sleep 2004; 27(suppl): Abstract 0222.
  29. Stoohs R, Guilleminault C. Snoring during N-REM sleep: respiratory timing, esophageal pressure and EEG arousal. Respir Physiol 1991;85:151-167.
  30. Guileminault, Stoohs R, Clerk A, Cetel M, Maistros P. A cause of excessive daytime sleepiness. The upper airway resistance syndrome. Chest 1993;104:781-787.
  31. Poole KA, Thompson J.R, Hallinan HM, Beardsmore C.S. Respiratory inductance plethysmography in healthy infants: a comparison of the calibration methods. Eur Respir J 2000;16:1084-1090.
  32. Springgs William H. Patient Hook-up. In Springgs William H. Principles of Polysomnography. USA, Sleep Ed, 2002.
  33. Budhiraja R, Goodwin JL, Parthasarathy S, Quan SF. Comparison of nasal pressure transducer and thermistor for detection of respiratory events during polysomnography in children. Sleep 2005;28:1117-1121. 34. Serebrisky D, Cordero R, Mandeli K, Kattan M, Lamm C. Assessment of inspiratory flow limitation in children with sleep-disordered breathing by a nasal cannula pressure transducer system. Pediatr Pulmonol 2002;33: 380-387.
  34. Trang H, Leske V, Gaultier C. Use of nasal cannula for detecting sleep apneas and hypopneas in infants and children. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166:464-468. 36. Brouillette RT, Fernbach SK, Hunt CE. Obstructive sleep apnea in infants and children. J Pediatr 1982;100:31-40.
  35. American Thoracic Society. Standards and indications for cardiopulmonary sleep studies in children. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1996;153:866-878.
  36. Rembold CM, Surratt PM. Children with obstructive sleepdisordered breathing generate high-frequency inspiratory sounds during sleep. Sleep 2004;27:1154-1161.
  37. de Weerd AW, Rijsman RM, Brinkley A. Activity patterns of leg muscles in periodic limb movement disorder. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2004;75:317-319.
  38. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. International classification of sleep disorders, 2nd ed.: Diagnostic and coding manual. Westchester, Illinois, American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2005.
  39. Picchietti DL, Walters AS. Moderate to severe periodic limb movement disorder in childhood and adolescence. Sleep 1999;22:297-300.
  40. Lorrain D, De Koninck J.Sleep position and sleep stages: evidence of their independence. Sleep 1998;15:335-340.
  41. Fernandes do Prado LB, Li X, Thompson R, Marcus CL. Body position and obstructive sleep apnea in children. Sleep 2002; 25: 66-71.
  42. Cuhadaroglu C, Keles N, Erdamar B, et al. Body position and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Pediatr Pulmonol 2003;36:335-338.
  43. Carskadon MA, Dement WC, Mitler MM et al. Guidelines for the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT): a standard measure of sleepiness. Sleep 1986;9:519-524.
  44. Bonnet MH, Arand DL. Arousal components which differentiate the MWT from MSLT. Sleep 2001;24:441- 447.
  45. Carskadon MA, Dement WC. Sleepiness in the normal adolescent. In Guilleminault C(ed). Sleep and its disorders in children. New York, Raven Press, 1987.
  46. Kohrman MH. Idiopathic Hypersomnia. In Sheldon SH, Ferber R, Kryger MH eds. Principles and practice of pediatric sleep medicine. USA, Elsevier Saunders, 2005.
  47. Gozal D, Wang M, Pope DW Jr. Objective sleepiness measures in pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. Pediatrics 2001;108:693-697.
  48. Pillar G, Bar A, Shlitner A, Schnall R, Shefy J, Lavie P. Autonomic arousal index: an automated detection based on peripheral arterial tonometry. Sleep 2002;25:543-549.
  49. Tauman R, O'Brien LM, Mast BT, Holbrook CR, Gozal D. Peripheral arterial tonometry events and electroencephalographic arousals in children. Sleep 2004;27:502-506.
  50. Smith RP, Argod J, Levy PA. Pulse transit time: an appraisal of potential clinical applications. Thorax 1999;54:452-457.
  51. Katz E.S, Lutz J, Black C, Marcus C. Pulse transit time as a measure of the arousal and respiratory effort in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Pediatr Res 2003;53:580- 588.
  52. Pepin JL, Delavie N, Pin I, et al. Pulse transit time improves detection of sleep respiratory events and microarousals in children. Chest 2005;127:722-730.
  53. Zaremba E.K, Barkey M.E, Mesa C, Sanniti K, Rosen CL. Making polysomnography more child friendly: A familycentered care approach. J Clin Sleep Med 2005;1:189- 198.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.