Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2007 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Sleep Disordered Breathing in Heart Failure

Mansoor Ahmed, Robert P. Blankfield

Keywords : Cheyne-Stokes Respiration (CSR), Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)., Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB). Central Sleep Apnea (CSA),Heart Failure (HF)

Citation Information : Ahmed M, Blankfield RP. Sleep Disordered Breathing in Heart Failure. Indian Sleep Med 2007; 2 (2):50-58.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-2-2-50

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 00-00-0000

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2007; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract


PDF Share
  1. Shahar E, Whitney CW, Redline S, et al: Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease: Cross-sectional results of the Sleep Heart Health study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 163:19-25.
  2. Hanly PJ, and Zuberi N, Gray R. Pathogenesis of Cheyne- Stokes respiration in patients with congestive heart failure. Relationship to arterial PCO2. Chest 1993; 104:1079- 1084.
  3. Hung J, Whitford EG, Parsons RW, Hillman DR. Association of sleep apnoea with myocardial infarction in men. Lancet 1990;336:261-264.
  4. Yaggi HK, Concato J, Kernan WN, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea as risk factor for stroke and death. N Eng J Med 2005; 353: 2034-241
  5. Cheyne J. A case of apoplexy, in which the fleshy part of the heart was converted into fat. Dublin Hospital Reports and Communications 1818; 2: 216-23.
  6. Javaheri S. Heart failure. In: Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement W, editors. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 4th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; p. 1208-1217.
  7. American Heart Association: Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2004 Update. Dallas, American Heart Association, 2004. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/downloadable/heart/ 1079736729696HDSStats2004UpdateREV3-19-04.pdf.
  8. Ward M: Periodic respiration. A short historical note. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1973;52:330-334.
  9. Stokes W. Observations on some cases of permanently slow pulse. Dublin Quarterly Journal of Medical Sciences 1846; 2: 73-85.
  10. Harrison TR, King CE, Calahoun JA, Harrison WG. Congestive heart failure: Cheyne-Stokes respiration as the cause of paroxysmal dyspnea at the onset of sleep. Arch Intern Med 1934; 53:891-910.
  11. Hanly PJ, Millar TW, Steljes DG, et al. Respiration and abnormal sleep in patients with congestive heart failure. Chest 1989;96: 480-488.
  12. Jahaveri S, Parker TJ, Wexler L, et al. Occult sleep-disorder breathing in stable congestive heart failure. Ann Intern Med 1995; 122: 487-492.
  13. Jahaveri S, Parker TJ, Liming JD, et al. Sleep apnea in 81 ambulatory male patients with stable heart failure. Circulation 1998; 2154-2159.
  14. Trupp RJ, Hardesty P, Osborne J, et al. Prevalence of sleep disordered breathing in a heart failure program. Congest Heart Fail 2004; 10: 217-220.
  15. Ferrier K, Campbell A, Yee B, et al. Sleep-disordered breathing occurs frequently in stable outpatients with heart failure. Chest 2005; 128: 2116-22.
  16. Tremel F, Pepin JL, Veale D, et al. High prevalence and persistence of sleep apnea in patients referred for acute left ventricular failure and medically treated for 2 months. Eur Heart J. 1999; 20: 1201-1209.
  17. Banno K, Shiomi T, Sasanabe R, et al. Sleep disordered breathing in patients with idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Circ J 2004; 68: 338-342.
  18. Chan J, Sanderson J, Chan W, et al. Prevalence of sleep disordered breathing in diastolic heart failure. Chest 1997; 111: 1488-93.
  19. Dowell AR, Buckley CE 3rd, Cohen R, Whalen RE, Sieker HO. Cheyne-Stokes respiration: A review of clinical manifestations and critique of physiological mechanisms. Arch Intern Med 1971; 127:712-726
  20. Younes M. The Physiologic Basis of Central Apnea and Periodic Breathing. Curr Pulmonol, 1989: 10:265-326.
  21. Khoo MCK: Theoretical models of periodic breathing in sleep apnea. In Bradley TD, Floras JS (eds): Sleep Apnea: Implications in Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease. New York, Marcel Dekker, 2000, pp 335-384.
  22. Cherniack NS, Longobardo GS: Cheyne-Stokes breathing: An instability in physiologic control. N Eng J Med 1973;288: 952-957.
  23. Ahmed M, Serrette C, Kryger MH, Anthonisen NR. Ventilatory instability in patients with congestive heart failure and nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes breathing. Sleep 1994; 17: 527-534.
  24. Tkacova R, Hall MJ, Liu PP, et al, Left ventricular volume in patients with heart failure and Ceyne-Stokes respiration during sleep. Am j Respir Crit Care Med 1997; 156:1549- 1555)
  25. Moratara A, Sleight P, Pinna GD, et al. Asscociation between hemodynamic impairment and Cheyne-Stokes respiration and periodic breathing in chronic stable congestive heart failure patientssecondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol; 1999; 84:900-904
  26. Solin P, Bergin P, Richardson M, Kaye DM, Walters EH, Naughton MT. Influence of pulmonary wedge pressure on central apnea in heart failure. Circulation 1999; 99: 1574- 9.
  27. Dempsey JA, Skatrud JB: A sleep-induced apneic threshold and its consequences. Am Rev Respir Dis 1986;133:1163- 1170.
  28. Xie A, Skatrud JB, Puleo DS, et al: Apnea-hypopnea threshold for CO2 in patients with congestive heart failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;165:1245-1250.
  29. Sin DD, Fitzgerald F, Parker JD, Newton G, J. Floras JS, Bradley TD. Risk factors for central and obstructive sleep apnea in 450 men and women with congestive heart failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1999; 160:1101–1106.
  30. Javaheri S, Corbett WS. Association of low PaCO2 with central sleep apnea and ventricular arrhythmias in ambulatory patients with stable heart failure. Ann Intern Med 1998;128:204-207.
  31. Javaheri S. A mechanism of central sleep apnea in patients heart failure. N Engl J Med 1999; 341:949-54
  32. Guyton AC, Crowell JW, Moore JW: Basic oscillating mechanisms of Cheyne-Stokes breathing. Am J Physiol 1956;187:395-398.
  33. Javaheri S. Sleep related breathing disorders in heart failure. In: Mann DL, editor. Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2004, pp 471-487.
  34. Dempsey JA, Skatrud JB: Fundamental effects of sleep state on breathing, in Simmon DH (ed): Current Pulmonology. Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers 1988, vol 9, pp267-304
  35. Hudgel DW, Martin RJ, Johnson B, et al. Mechanics of the respiratory system and breathing pattern during sleep in normal humans. J Appl Physiol 1984;56: 133-137.
  36. Onal E, Lopata M: Periodic breathing and the pathogenesis of occlusive sleep apneas. Am Rev Respir Dis 1982;126: 676-680.
  37. Alex CG, Onal E, Lpata M: Upper airway occlusion during sleep in patients with Cheyne-Stokes respiration. Rev Respir Dis 1986; 133:42-45
  38. Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Badr S. The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. N Eng J Med 1993; 328: 1230- 1235.
  39. Blankfield RP, Zyzanski SJ. Left ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary hypertension, obesity and sleep apnea. Sleep and Breathing 2001; 5: 57-62.
  40. Ahmed M, Blankfield RP, Woyshville MJ, Saeed-butt S, Manshadi, JD. Sleep quality, daytime fatigue and sleepiness in patients with heart failure. Sleep 2004; 27: A328.
  41. Cohn JN, Levine TB, Olivari MT, et al. Plasma norepinephrine as a guide to prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure. N Engl J Med 1984; 311: 819- 823.
  42. Solin P, Kaye DM, Little PF, Bergin P, Richardson M, Naughton MT. Impact of sleep apnea on sympathetic nervous system activity in heart failure. Chest 2003; 123: 1119-1126.
  43. Naughton MT, Benard DC, Liu PP, Rutherford R, Rankin F, Bradley TD. Effects of nasal CPAP on sympathetic activity in patients with heart failure and central sleep apnea. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1995; 152: 473-479.
  44. Kaye DM, Mansfield D, Aggarwal A, Naughton MT, Esler MD. Acute effects of continuous positive airway pressure on cardiac sympathetic tone in congestive heart failure. Circulation 2001; 103: 2336-2338.
  45. Mansfield DR, Gollogly NC, Kaye DM, Richardson M, Bergin P, Naughton MT. Controlled trial of continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnea and heart failure. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2004; 169: 361- 364.
  46. Leung RS, Diep TM, Bowman ME, Lorenzi-Filho G, Bradley TD. Provocation of ventricular ectopy by Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients with heart failure. Sleep 2004; 27: 337-343.
  47. Jahaveri S. Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on sleep apnea and ventricular irritability in patients with heart failure. Circulation 2000; 101: 392-397.
  48. Ryan CM, Usui K, Floras JS, Bradley TD. Effect of continuous positive airway pressure on ventricular ectopy in heart failure patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. Thorax 2005; 60: 781-785.
  49. Carmona-Bernal C, Quintana-Gallego E, Villa-Gil M, Sanchez-Armengol A, Martinez-Martinez A, Capote F. Brain natriuretic peptide in patients with congestive heart failure and central sleep apnea. Chest 2005; 127: 1667-1673.
  50. Kasai T, Narui K, Dohi T, et al. Efficacy of nasal bi-level positive airway pressure in congestive heart failure patients with cheyne-stokes respiration and central sleep apnea. Circ J 2005; 69: 913-21.
  51. Blankfield RP, Ahmed M, Zyzanski SJ. Idiopathic edema is associated with obstructive sleep apnea in women. Sleep Med 2004; 5 (6): 583-587.
  52. Blankfield RP, Ahmed M, Zyzanski SJ. Effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on edema in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep Med. 2004; 5 (6): 589-592.
  53. Guilleminault C, Motta J, Mihm F, Melvin K. Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiac index. Chest 1986; 3: 331-334.
  54. Hanly PJ, and Zuberi-Khokar NS. Increased mortality associated with Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients with congestive heart failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1996; 153: 272-6.
  55. Lanfranchi PA, Braghiroli A, Bosimini E, et al. Prognostic value of nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes Respiration in chronic heart failure. Circulation 1999; 99: 1435-1440.
  56. Ancoli-Israel S, DuHamel ER, Stepnowsky C, Engler R, Cohen-Zion M, Marler M. The relationship between congestive heart failure, sleep apnea, and mortality in older men. Chest 2003; 124: 1400-1405.
  57. Dark DS, Pingleton SK, Kerby GR, et al. Breathing pattern abnormalities and arterial oxygen desaturation during sleep in the congestive heart failure syndrome. Chest 1987; 91 (6): 833—6.
  58. Walsh JT, Andrews R, Starling R, Cowley AJ, and Johnston IDA. Effects of captopril and oxygen on sleep apnoea in patients with mild to moderate congestive cardiac failure. Br Heart J 1995; 73: 237-41.
  59. Malone S, Liu PP, Holloway R, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy: effects of continuous positive airway pressure. Lancet 1991; 338: 1480-4.
  60. Naughton MT, Benard DC, Rutherford R, Bradley TD. Effect of continous positive airway pressure on central sleep apnea and nocturnal PCO2 in heart failure. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1994; 1509: 1598-1604.
  61. Takasaki Y, Orr D, Popkin J, Rutherford R, et al. Effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure on sleep apnea in congestive heart failure. Am Rev Respir Dis 1989; 140: 1578-84.
  62. Naughton MT, Liu PP, Benard DC, Goldstein RS, Bradley TD. Treatment of congestive heart failure and Cheyne- Stokes Respiration during sleep by continuous positive airway pressure. Am J Resp Crit Care Med 1995; 151: 92-97.
  63. Laaban JP, Pascal-Sebaoun S, Bloch E, Orvoën-Frija E, Oppert JM, Huchon G. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Chest 2002; 122: 1133-1138.
  64. Kaneko Y, Floras JS, Usui K, et al. Cardiovascular effects of continuous positive airway pressure in patients with heart failure and obstructive sleep apnea. N Engl J Med 2003; 348: 1233-41.
  65. Davies RJO, Harrington KJ, Ormerod OJM, Stradling JR. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure in chronic heart failure with sleep-disordered breathing. Am Rev Respir Dis 1993; 147: 630-4.
  66. Ahmed M, Blankfield RP, Saeed-butt S, Manshadi, JD. Pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and sleep apnea. Sleep 2004; 27: A194.
  67. Hanly PJ, Millar TW, Steljes DG, et al. The effect of oxygen on respiration and sleep in patients with congestive heart failure. Ann Intern Med 1989; 111: 777-782.
  68. Naughton MT, Bradley TD. Sleep apnea in congestive heart failure. Clin Sleep Med 1998; 19: 99-113.
  69. Tkacova R, Rankin R, Fitzgerald FS, Floras JS, Bradley TD. Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on obstructive sleep apnea and left ventricular afterload in patients with heart failure. Circulation 1998; 2269-2275.
  70. Doherty LS, Kiely JL, Swan V, McNicholas WT. Long-term effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure therapy on cardiovascular outcomes in sleep apnea syndrome. Chest 2005; 127: 2076-84.
  71. Eskafi M, Ekberg E, Cline C, Israelsson B, Nilner M. Use of mandibular advancement device in patients with congestive heart failure. Gerodontology 2004; 21: 100-107.
  72. Eskafi M, Cline C, Israelsson G, Nilner M. A mandibular advancement device reduces sleep disordered breathing in patients with congestive heart failure. Swed Dent J 2004; 28: 155-163.
  73. Jahaveri S, Parker TJ, Wexler L, Liming JD, Lindower P, Roselle GA. Effect of theophylline on sleep-disordered breathing in heart failure. N Engl J Med 1996; 335: 562- 7.
  74. Hu K, Li Q, Yang J, Hu S, Chen X. The effect of theophylline on sleep-disordered breathing in patients with stable chronic congestive heart failure. Chin Med J (Engl) 2003; 116: 1711-1716.
  75. Krachman SL, D'Alonzo GE, Berger TJ, Eisen HJ. Comparison of oxygen therapy with nasal continuous positive airway pressure on Cheyne-Stokes respiration during sleep in congestive heart failure. Chest 1999; 116: 1150-1557.
  76. Andreas S, Clemens C, Sandholzer H, et al. Improvement of exercise capacity with treatment of Cheyne-Stokes Respiration in patients with congestive heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 1996; 27: 1486-1490.
  77. Sakakibara M, Sakata Y, Usui K, et al. Effectiveness of short-term treatment with nocturnal oxygen therapy for central sleep apnea in patients with heart failure. J Cardiol 2005; 46: 53-61.
  78. Bradley TD, Logan AG, Kirnoff RJ, et al. Continuous positive airway pressure for central sleep apnea and heart failure. N Eng J Med 2005; 353: 2025-33.
  79. Somers VK. Sleep—a new cardiovascular frontier. N Engl J Med 2005; 2070-72.
  80. Sinha AM, Skobel EC, Breithardt OA, et al. Cardiac resynchronization therapy improves central sleep apnea and Cheyne-Stokes respiration in patients with chronic heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 7: 68-71.
  81. Gabor JY, Newman DA, Barnard-Roberts V, et al. Improvement in Cheyne-Stokes respiration following cardiac resynchronization therapy. Eur Respir J 2005; 26: 95- 100.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.