Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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VOLUME 18 , ISSUE 4 ( October-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): A Comprehensive Review

Doaa El Basiouny, Hana I Habib

Keywords : Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia, Insomnia, Nonpharmacological treatment

Citation Information : Basiouny DE, Habib HI. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): A Comprehensive Review. Indian Sleep Med 2023; 18 (4):62-65.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0123

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is considered the first line in treating insomnia. The CBT-I consist of various therapeutic techniques, sleep restriction, stimulus control (SC), sleep hygiene education, and relaxation techniques. Insomnia is characterized by several symptoms with three main symptoms such as difficulty in starting sleep, maintaining sleep, and waking up earlier than desired. Interestingly, CBT-I has been shown as an effective nonpharmacologic treatment for insomnia. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia works to decrease unhelpful sleep habits, dysfunctional thoughts, and worries about related to sleep that causes insomnia. Conclusion: The CBT-I recommended as an evidence-based treatment for all insomnia patients from all ages, races, genders, and those who suffer from comorbidity mental and physical disease.

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