Citation Information :
Desai SR, Vaidya RA, Udipi SA, Ullal PS, Chokhani SA, Pal AD, Vaidya A. Sleep Deprivation and Disruptors of Sleep among Secondary Schoolchildren and Adolescents from Mumbai City. Indian Sleep Med 2021; 16 (2):33-39.
Aims and objectives: Good sleep quality entails that it is continuous without any interruptions, characterized by early onset of sleep, fewer interruptions or disruptions, and fewer early awakenings. Studies indicate that younger adolescents are perhaps the most sleep-deprived and vulnerable to sleep disturbances. Therefore, the present study examined sleep disruption among Indian school children/adolescents.
Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools (purposively selected) catering to children from different socioeconomic backgrounds. Overall, 1,974 children aged 10–18 years were studied, 1,083 children belonging to a government-aided school (GAS) and the remaining 891 were from an international school (IS). Sleep quality was assessed using a detailed questionnaire containing questions based on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.
Results: Among the 1,974 participants, 38.5% (n = 759) of children reported that they had disrupted sleep. Almost, one-third (33.9%, n = 125) of the children, whose sleep was disrupted every night, slept for 6 hours or less. Sleep disruption was higher among the children attending the GAS (41.5%) compared to children who were from much better socioeconomic backgrounds and were attending the IS (34.7%). Overall, noise was a major disruptor for more 39.6% of the children, followed by the urge to go the bathroom (33.2%). Half the children (50.3%) with disrupted night sleep listened to music and 46.3% reported that they thought about/were worried about the next day. Thirty-five percent of the students reported that they watched television or used mobiles (34.1%) or played video games (33.1%).
Conclusions: The study results indicated that a fairly high percentage of urban students experience sleep disruption and their daily habits before going to bed, technological advancement, social chatting on mobiles as well as their economic background influenced their sleep pattern.
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