Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

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VOLUME 15 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Sleep-disordered Breathing and Stroke: A Common yet Ignored Association

Rohit Kumar, Siddharth Raj Yadav, Pranav Ish, Shibdas Chakrabarti

Keywords : Positive airway pressure, Sleep-disordered breathing, Stroke

Citation Information : Kumar R, Yadav SR, Ish P, Chakrabarti S. Sleep-disordered Breathing and Stroke: A Common yet Ignored Association. Indian Sleep Med 2020; 15 (2):30-34.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0054

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 24-09-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

One of the major causes of long-term disability is stroke. It is widely accepted that the morbidity and mortality caused by stroke can be reduced by aggressively treating the risk factors. One of the modifiable and independent risk factors for stroke is Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Untreated SDB may be responsible for an increased risk of stroke and death. Severity of SDB could be used to predict the functional dependence of the patient and poor outcome in stroke patients. Treating SDB with positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy in stroke patients may have impact on functional and neurological outcome. This review discusses the common co-occurrence of the stroke and SDB, its pathogenesis, the effects of SDB on stroke morbidity and mortality, impact of stroke on the sleep architecture, and the possibility of improvement with CPAP therapy.


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