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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2017 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Correlation of Body Habitus with Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Prospective Study from a Single Institution

Madhumita Kumar, Uttumadathil G Unnikrishnan

Keywords : Apnea-hypopnea index, Body mass index, Neck circumference, Obstructive sleep apnea

Citation Information : Kumar M, Unnikrishnan UG. Correlation of Body Habitus with Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Prospective Study from a Single Institution. Indian Sleep Med 2017; 12 (2):7-11.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10069-0002

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objectives: To correlate body habitus with severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in Indian subjects. Subjects: Prospective study. Consecutive patients with OSA during the period 2013 to 2016 were included. Materials and methods: Body mass index (BMI), neck circumference (NC), and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) were recorded and their association with severity of OSA as graded by apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was analyzed Results: Totally 100 patients were included; 91 were male. Mean age was 46.58 ± 12.92 years. Abnormal BMI, NC, and ESS were observed in 67.3, 33.6 and 52.7% respectively. Moderate and severe forms of OSA were found in 26 and 54% respectively. Severe OSA was more common in men (56 vs 33.3%; p = 0.15). There was a strong correlation of OSA with BMI (r = 0.378; p < 0.001), NC (r = 0.502; p < 0.001), and ESS (r = 0.304; p = 0.002). Conclusions: Obstructive sleep apnea in Indian patients has strong correlation with male sex and indices of body habitus.


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