Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2016 ) > List of Articles


Manual Versus Automated Sleep Scoring for Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Citation Information : Manual Versus Automated Sleep Scoring for Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Indian Sleep Med 2016; 11 (1):5-7.

DOI: 10.5958/0974-0155.2016.00002.4

License: NA

Published Online: 01-12-2013

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).


There are two types of sleep scoring techniques for evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on polysomnography, they are manual and automated scoring. Manual scoring with expert technician is considered as a gold standard scoring technique. It evaluates total sleep time, stage of sleep, and apnoea or hypopnea index (AHI) better than automated scoring. However, this technique needs more manpower, money, and infrastructure. Automated scoring technique is simple, cost effective, and less time consuming. Both techniques can be performed with home sleep testing or in laboratory polysomnography. Though, automated scoring technique is less accurate in diagnosis of mild form of OSA, it is a viable option for moderate and severe OSA especially where the patient load is high and facilities are limited.

PDF Share
  1. Pien GW, Rosen IM and Fields BG. Sleep Apnea Syndromes: Central and Obstructive. In:Grippi MA, editor. Fishman's Textbook of Pulmonary Disease and Disorders New York: McGraw Hill Medicine; 2015.p.3042-43.
  2. Kokturk O. Diagnostic methods and polysomnography for respiratory disorders during sleep. In: Respiratory system and diseases. Ozlu T, Metinta M, Karadað M, Kaya A (Eds). Ýstanbul: Ýstanbul Týp Kitapevi; 2010.p.2109-25.
  3. Asýk M, Bostanc A and Turhan M. Comparison of Manual and Automated Scoring Techniques in Polysomnography. Turk Arch Otolaryngol 2014;52:17-21.
  4. Malhotra A, Younes M, Kuna ST, Benca R, Kushida CA, Walsh J, et al. Performance of an Automated Polysomnography Scoring System Versus Computer- Assisted Manual Scoring. Sleep. 2013;36:573-82
  5. Ernst G, Bosio M, Salvado A, Nogueira F, Nigro C and Borsini E. Comparative Study between Sequential Automaticn and Manual Home Respiratory Polygraphy Scoring Using a Three-Channel Device: Impact of the Manual Editing of Events to Identify Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep Disorders2015.p.1-5.Article ID 314534, http:/ /
  6. Kokturk O. Scoring sleep recordings. Solunum 2013;15:14-29.
  7. Barreiro B, Badosa G, Quintana S, Esteban L, and Heredia JL. Comparison Between Automatic and Manual Analysis in the Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome. Arch Bronconeumol 2003;39:544-8
  8. Ozturk O, Mutlu LC, Saðcan G, Deniz Y, Cuhadaroðlu C. The concordance of manuel (visual) scoring and automatic analysis in sleep staging. Tuberk Toraks 2009;57:306-13.
  9. Aurora RN, Swartz R, and Punjabi N M. Misclassifi cation of OSA Severity With Automated Scoring of Home Sleep Recordings. Chest 2015;147(3):719–727.
  10. Masa JF, Corral J, Pereira R, Duran-Cantolla J, Cabello M and Hernandez-Blasco L. et al. Effectiveness of sequential automatic manual home respiratory polygraphy scoring. Eur Respir J 2013;41:879–887.
  11. Schaltenbrand N, Lengelle R, Toussaint M, Luthringer R, Carelli G, Jacqmin A, et al. Sleep stage scoring using the neural network model: comparison between visual and automatic analysis in normal subjects and patients. Sleep 1996;19:26-35.
  12. Redline S, Budhiraja R, Kapur V, Marcus CL, Mateika JH, Mehra R, et al. The scoring of respiratory events in sleep: reliability and validity. J Clin Sleep Med 2007;3:169-200.
  13. Sharma SK and Ahluwalia. Epidemiology of adult obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome in India. Indian J Med Res 2010;131:171-175
  14. Rosenthal L, Gerhardstein R, Lumley A, Guido P, Day R, Syron ML. et al. CPAP therapy in patients with mild OSA: implementation and treatment outcome. Sleep Med.2000;1:215-220.
  15. Engleman HM, Kingshott RN, Wraith PK, Mackay TW, Deary IJ and Douglas NJ. Randomized placebocontrolled crossover trial of continuous positive airway pressure for mild sleep Apnea/Hypopnea syndrome. Am J RespirCrit Care Med 1999;159(2):461-7.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.