Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 2 ( April-June, 2006 ) > List of Articles


Sleep and its Disorders in Pregnancy

Sunil Sharma, Rose Franco

Citation Information : Sharma S, Franco R. Sleep and its Disorders in Pregnancy. Indian Sleep Med 2006; 1 (2):72-77.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-1-2-72

License: CC BY-SA 4.0

Published Online: 01-04-2006

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2006; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


PDF Share
  1. Karacan I. Williams RL. Hursch CJ. McCaulley M. Heine MW. Some implications of the sleep patterns of pregnancy for postpartum emotional disturbances. [Journal Article] British Journal of Psychiatry. 1969 Aug;115(525):929-35.
  2. Driver HS. Shapiro CM. A longitudinal study of sleep stages in young women during pregnancy and postpartum. [Journal Article] Sleep. 1992 Oct; 15(5):449-53.
  3. A Lee et al. REM sleep and mood stae in childbearing women: sleepy or weepy? Sleep 2000; 23(7): 877-85
  4. M Swain et al. A prospective study of sleep, mood, and cognitive function in postpartum and nonpostpartum women. Obstet Gynecol 1997; 90:381-6.
  5. G Wilkie et al. Sleep deprivation and the postnatal blues. J. Psychosom. Res. 1992; 36: 309-316.
  6. MJ Kang Longitudinal study for sleep-wake behaviors of mothers from preterm to post-term using actigraph and sleep logs. Psych Clin Neurosci 2002; 56:251-2.
  7. Branchey M. Branchey L. Nadler RD. Effects of estrogen and progesterone on sleep patterns of female rats. [Journal Article] Physiology & Behavior. 1971 Jun; 6(6):743-6.
  8. Colvin GB. Whitmoyer DI. Lisk RD. Walter DO. Sawyer CH. Changes in sleep-wakefulness in female rats during circadian and estrous cycles. [Journal Article] Brain Research. 1968 Feb; 7(2):173-81.
  9. Fang J. Fishbein W. Sex differences in paradoxical sleep: influences of estrus cycle and ovariectomy. [Journal Article] Brain Research. 1996 Sep 23; 734(1-2):275-85.
  10. Friess E. Tagaya H. Trachsel L. Holsboer F. Rupprecht R. Progesterone-induced changes in sleep in male subjects. [Clinical Trial. Journal Article. Randomized Controlled Trial] American Journal of Physiology. 1997; 272(5 Pt 1):E885-91.
  11. Edwards N. Middleton PG. Blyton DM. Sullivan CE. Sleep disordered breathing and pregnancy. [Review] [43 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Thorax. 2002 Jun; 57(6):555-8.
  12. White DP. Gleeson K. Pickett CK. Rannels AM. Cymerman A. Weil JV. Altitude acclimatization: influence on periodic breathing and chemoresponsiveness during sleep. [Journal Article] Journal of Applied Physiology. 1987 Jul; 63(1):401- 12.
  13. Skatrud JB. Dempsey JA. Interaction of sleep state and chemical stimuli in sustaining rhythmic ventilation. [Journal Article] Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental & Exercise Physiology. 1983 Sep; 55(3):813- 22.
  14. Saaresranta T. Aittokallio T. Polo-Kantola P. Helenius H. Polo O. Effect of medroxyprogesterone on inspiratory flow shapes during sleep in postmenopausal women. [Clinical Trial. Controlled Clinical Trial. Journal Article] Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 2003 Mar 3; 134(2):131-43.
  15. Wetterbuerg L. Beck-Friis J. Aperia B. Petterson U. Melatonin/cortisol ratio in depression. [Case Reports. Letter] Lancet. 1979 Dec 22-29; 2(8156-8157):1361.
  16. Santiago JR. Nolledo MS. Kinzler W. Santiago TV. Sleep and sleep disorders in pregnancy. [Review] [136 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Academic] Annals of Internal Medicine. 2001 Mar 6; 134(5):396-408.
  17. Yellon SM. Longo LD. Melatonin rhythms in fetal and maternal circulation during pregnancy in sheep. [Journal Article] American Journal of Physiology. 1987 Jun; 252(6 Pt 1):E799-802.
  18. Zemdegs IZ. McMillen IC. Walker DW. Thorburn GD. Nowak R. Diurnal rhythms in plasma melatonin concentrations in the fetal sheep and pregnant ewe during late gestation. [Journal Article] Endocrinology. 1988 Jul; 123(1):284-9.
  19. Zarazaga LA. Malpaux B. Chemineau P. Characteristics of the plasma melatonin rhythm are not modified by steroids during the estrous cycle in IIe-de-France ewes. [Journal Article] Journal of Pineal Research. 1996 Sep; 21(2):114-20.
  20. Suzuki S. Dennerstein L. Greenwood KM. Armstrong SM. Sano T. Satohisa E. Melatonin and hormonal changes in disturbed sleep during late pregnancy. [Journal Article] Journal of Pineal Research. 1993 Nov; 15(4):191-8.
  21. Loube DI. Poceta JS. Morales MC. Peacock, MD. Mitler MM. Self-reported snoring in pregnancy. Association with fetal outcome.[see comment]. [Journal Article] Chest. 1996 Apr; 109(4):885-9.
  22. Franklin KA. Holmgren PA. Jonsson F. Poromaa N. Stenlund H. Svanborg E. Snoring, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and growth retardation of the fetus. [Journal Article] Chest. 2000 Jan; 117(1):137-41.
  23. Redline S. Kump K. Tishler PV. Browner I. Ferrette V. Gender differences in sleep disordered breathing in a communitybased sample. [Journal Article] American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 1994 Mar; 149(3 Pt 1):722-6.
  24. Izci B. Riha RL. Martin SE. Vennelle M. Liston WA. Dundas KC. Calder AA. Douglas NJ. The upper airway in pregnancy and pre-eclampsia. [Journal Article] American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 2003 Jan 15; 167(2):137-40.
  25. Popovic RM. White DP. Upper airway muscle activity in normal women: influence of hormonal status. [Clinical Trial. Journal Article] Journal of Applied Physiology. 1998 Mar; 84(3):1055-62.
  26. Karacan I,Heine W, Agnew HW, et al (1968) Characteristics of sleep patterns during late pregnancy and postpartum. Am J Obstet Gynaecol 101, 579-589
  27. Charbonneau M. Falcone T. Cosio MG. Levy RD. Obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy. Therapy and implications for fetal health. [Case Reports. Journal Article] American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1991 Aug.; 144(2):461-3.
  28. Kowall J. Clark G. Nino-Murcia G. Powell N. Precipitation of obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy. [Case Reports. Journal Article] Obstetrics & Gynecology. 1989 Sep; 74(3 Pt 2):453-5.
  29. Cartwright RD. Diaz F. Lloyd S. The effects of sleep posture and sleep stage on apnea frequency. [Journal Article] Sleep. 1991 Aug; 14(4):351-3.
  30. Feinsilver SH. Hertz G. Respiration during sleep in pregnancy. [Review] [40 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Clinics in Chest Medicine. 1992 Dec; 13(4):637-44.
  31. Maasilta P. Bachour A. Teramo K. Polo O. Laitinen LA. Sleep-related disordered breathing during pregnancy in obese women. [Journal Article] Chest. 2001 Nov; 120(5):1448-54.
  32. Carlson JT. Hedner JA. Ejnell H. Peterson LE. High prevalence of hypertension in sleep apnea patients independent of obesity. [Journal Article] American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 994 Jul; 150(1):72- 7, 1.
  33. Lefcourt LA. Rodis JF. Obstructive sleep apnea in pregnancy. [Review] [14 refs] [Case Reports. Journal Article. Review. Review of Reported Cases] Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey. 1996 Aug; 51(8):503-6.
  34. Schoenfeld A. Ovadia Y. Neri A. Freedman S. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-implications in maternal-fetal medicine. A hypothesis. [Journal Article] Medical Hypotheses. 1989 Sep; 30(1):51-4.
  35. Joel-Cohen SJ. Schoenfeld A. Fetal response to periodic sleep apnea: a new syndrome in obstetrics. [Case Reports. Journal Article] European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, & Reproductive Biology. 1978 Apr; 8(2):77-81.
  36. Hastie SJ. Prowse K. Perks WH. Atkins J. Blunt VA. Obstructive sleep apnoea during pregnancy requiring tracheostomy. [Case Reports. Journal Article] Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 1989 Aug; 29(3 Pt 2):365-7.
  37. Lewis DF. Chesson AL. Edwards MS. Weeks JW. Adair CD. Obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy resulting in pulmonary hypertension. [Case Reports. Journal Article] Southern Medical Journal. 1998 Aug; 91(8):761-2.
  38. Oleszczuk J. Leszczynska-Gorzelak B. Mierzynski R. Kaminski K. Oleszczuk JJ. Pregnancy in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome under treatment with nCPAP. [Review] [30 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Zentralblatt fur Gynakologie. 1998; 120(2):71-4.
  39. Wittels EH. Thompson S. Obstructive sleep apnea and obesity. [Review] [59 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America. 1990 Aug; 23(4):751-60.
  40. Kowall J. Clark G. Nino-Murcia G. Powell N. Precipitation of obstructive sleep apnea during pregnancy. [Case Reports. Journal Article] Obstetrics & Gynecology. 1989 Sep; 74(3 Pt 2):453-5.
  41. Polo O. Ekholm E. Nocturnal hyperventilation in pregnancy—reversal with nasal continuous positive airway pressure. [Case Reports. Journal Article] American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 1995 Jul; 173(1):238-9.
  42. Kimoff RJ. Cheong TH. Olha AE. Charbonneau M. Levy RD. Cosio MG. Gottfried SB. Mechanisms of apnea termination in obstructive sleep apnea. Role of chemoreceptor and mechanoreceptor stimuli. [Journal Article] American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 1994 Mar; 149(3 Pt 1):707-14.
  43. Martin RJ. Sanders MH. Gray BA. Pennock BE. Acute and long-term ventilatory effects of hyperoxia in the adult sleep apnea syndrome. [Journal Article] American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1982 Feb; 125(2):175-80.
  44. Gold AR. Schwartz AR. Bleecker ER. Smith PL. The effect of chronic nocturnal oxygen administration upon sleep apnea. [Journal Article] American Review of Respiratory Disease. 1986 Nov; 134(5):925-9.
  45. Sahota PK. Jain SS. Dhand R. Sleep disorders in pregnancy. [Review] [54 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine. 2003 Nov; 9(6):477-83.
  46. Lee KA. Zaffke ME. Baratte-Beebe K. Restless legs syndrome and sleep disturbance during pregnancy: the role of folate and iron. [Journal Article] Journal of Womens Health & Gender-Based Medicine. 2001 May; 10(4):335- 41.
  47. Earley CJ. Clinical practice. Restless legs syndrome.[see comment]. [Review] [38 refs] [Case Reports. Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] New England Journal of Medicine. 2003 May 22; 348(21):2103-9.
  48. Walters AS. Toward a better definition of the restless legs syndrome. The International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Mov Disord 1995; 10: 634–642.
  49. Botez MI, Lambert B. Folate deficiency and restless legs syndrome in pregnancy. N Engl J Med 1977;297:670.
  50. Happe S. Trenkwalder C. Role of dopamine receptor agonists in the treatment of restless legs syndrome. [Review] [86 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] CNS Drugs. 2004; 18(1):27-36.
  51. Hedman C. Pohjasvaara T. Tolonen U. Salmivaara A. Myllyla VV. Parasomnias decline during pregnancy. [Journal Article] Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. 2002 Mar; 105(3):209-14.
  52. Guilleminault C. Palombini L. Pelayo R. Chervin RD. Sleepwalking and sleep terrors in prepubertal children: what triggers them?. [Journal Article] Pediatrics. 2003 Jan; 111(1):e17-25.
  53. Montella KR. Pulmonary pharmacology in pregnancy. [Review] [54 refs] [Journal Article. Review. Review, Tutorial] Clinics in Chest Medicine. 1992 Dec; 13(4):587-95.
  54. Izci B, Martin SE, Dundas KC, Liston WA, Calder AA, Douglas NJ. Sleep complaints: snoring and daytime sleepiness in pregnant and pre-eclamptic women. Sleep Med. 2005 Mar;6(2):163-9.
  55. Pien GW, Fife D, Pack AI, Nkwuo JE, Schwab RJ. Changes in symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy. Sleep. 2005 Oct 1; 28(10):1299-305.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.