Indian Journal of Sleep Medicine

Register      Login

VOLUME 1 , ISSUE 1 ( January-March, 2006 ) > List of Articles


Stroke and Sleep Apnoea: Cause or Consequence?

Manvir Bhatia

Keywords : OSA, STROKE, CPAP

Citation Information : Bhatia M. Stroke and Sleep Apnoea: Cause or Consequence?. Indian Sleep Med 2006; 1 (1):19-21.

DOI: 10.5005/ijsm-1-1-19

License: NA

Published Online: 01-04-2011

Copyright Statement:  NA


PDF Share
  1. Murray CJ, Lopez AD. Mortality by cause for eight regions of the world: Global Burden of Disease Study. Lancet 1997; 349: 1269-76.,
  2. Heart disease and stroke statistics-2005 update. Dallas: American Heart Association, 2005.
  3. Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Badr S. The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 1230- 1235.
  4. Young T, Peppard PE, Gottlieb DJ. Epidemiology of obstructive sleep apnea: a population health perspective. Am J Respir CritCare Med 2002; 165:1217-1239.
  5. Mohsenin V, Valor R. Sleep apnea in patients with hemispheric stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1995; 76: 71-76,
  6. Dyken ME, Somers VK, Yamada T, Ren ZY, Zimmerman MB. Investigating the relationship between stroke and obstructive sleep apnea. Stroke 1996; 27:401-407,
  7. Bassetri C, Aldrich MS. Sleep apnea in acute cerebrovascular diseases: final report on 128 patients. Sleep 1999; 22:217- 223.
  8. Parra O, Arboix A, Bechich S, et al. Time course of sleeprelated breathing disorders in first-ever stroke or transient ischemic attack. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000; 161: 375-380.
  9. Turkington PM, Bomford J, Wanklyn P, et al. Prevalence and predictors of upper airway obstruction in the first 24 hours after acute stroke. Stroke 2002; 33: 2037- 2042.
  10. Cadilhac DA, Thorpe RD, Pearce DC, Barnes M, Rochford PD, Tarquinio N, Davis SM, Donnan GA, Pierce RJ. Sleep disordered breathing in chronic stroke survivors. A study of the long term follow-up of the SCOPES chort using home based polysomnography. J Clin Neuro Sci 2005; 12(6): 632-637.
  11. Partinen M, Palomaki H. Snoring and cerebral infarction. Lancet 1985; 2: 1325-1326.
  12. Spriggs DA, French JM, Murdy JM, Curless RH, Bates D, James OF. Snoring increases the risk of stroke and adversely affects prognosis. QJ Med 1992; 83: 555-562.
  13. Smirne S, Palazzi S, Zucconi M, Chierchia S, Ferini-Strambi L. Habitual snoring as a risk factor for acute vascular disease. Eur Respir J 1993; 6:1357-1361.
  14. Neau JP, Meurice JC, Paquereau J, Chavagnat JJ, Ingrand P, Gil R. Habitual snoring as a risk factor for brain infarction. Acta Neurol Scand 1995; 92: 63-68.
  15. Shahar E, Whitney CW, Redline S, et al. Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease: cross-sectional results of the Sleep Heart Health Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 163:19-25.
  16. Foresman BH, Gwirtz PA, McMahon JP. Cardiovascular disease and obstructive sleep apnea: implications for physicians. J Am Osteopath Assoc 2000 June; 100 (6); 360-369.
  17. Iranzo A, Santamaria J, Berenguer J, et al. Prevalence and clinical importance of sleep apnea in the first night after cerebral infarction. Neurology 2002; 58: 911-916.
  18. Guilleminault C, Connolly SJ, Winkle RA. Cardiac arrhythmia and conduction disturbances during sleep in 400 patients with sleep apnoea syndrome. Am J Cardiol 1983; 82: 490 – 494.
  19. Fischer A, Choudhary B, Taormina M, et al. Intracranial hemodynamics in sleep apnea. Chest 1992; 102:1402- 1406, Netzer N, Wermer P, Jochums I, et al. Blood flow of the middle cerebral antery with sleep-disordered breathing. Stroke 1998; 29:87-93.
  20. Hayakawa T, Terashima M, Kayukawa Y, et al. Changes in cerebral oxygenation and hoemodynamics during sleep apnoeas. Chest 1996; 109:916- 921.
  21. Turkington PM, Allgar V, Bamford J, Wanklyn P, Elliott MW. Effect of upper airway obstruction in acute stroke on functional outcome at 6 months. Thorax 2004; 59: 367- 371.
  22. Good D, Henkle J, Gelber D, et al. Sleep disordered breathing and poor functional outcome after stroke. Stroke 1996; 27:252-259.
  23. Marin JM, Carrizo SJ, Vincente E, Agusti AG. Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study. Lancet 2005; 365:1046-1053.
  24. Yaggi HK, Concato J, Kernan WN, Lichtman JH, Brass LM, Mohsenin V. Obstructive sleep apnea as a Risk-Factor for stroke and death. N Engl J Med 2005; 353:2034-2041.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.